234411A 职业全职与兼职从业者税前周薪比较（Income Based On Employment Status Per Week - Before tax）
What’s it like to be a Geologist?
Geologists study the nature, composition and structure of the earth to locate
materials and minerals, and to increase scientific knowledge. They also advise
on the extraction of minerals, as well as on environmental protection, the
rehabilitation of land after mining and on civil engineering projects.
Geologists work in laboratories, offices and in the field. They may work
independently or as members of a mixed team of professional and non-
professional staff. They may have contact with the public, especially if
needing permission to go onto private land. Fieldwork can involve spending
time in remote desert, tropical or Antarctic/Arctic regions. The hours of work
can be irregular and it may be necessary to spend long periods away from home.
How much can I expect to earn?
Full-time employed Geologist earn an average of $1917 per week. The [average
annual salary for this job is $99684 excluding super.]
- enjoy technical and scientific activities
- willing to adhere to safety requirements
- able to work independently or as part of a team
- able to prepare accurate records and reports
- able to cope with the physical demands of the job
- prepared to work outdoors in a range of environments and on irregular schedules.
This job also involves:
Reading or writing
These jobs require moderate or better reading and writing skills. Workers may
be expected to prepare, understand or act on written materials, such as
letters or reports. People may wish to avoid these jobs if their reading or
writing English skills are limited to a small range of words or phrases and
symbols. Jobs remaining may still require very basic reading or writing
This occupation offers jobs at the following skill levels:
Jobs in this group usually require completion of a recognised Bachelor Degree,
or extensive relevant experience. Some jobs also require post-graduate study,
such as a Graduate Certificate, Graduate Diploma or Master Degree.
At school, you can study these subject(s) to get a good foundation for this
School subjects that include some aspects of CHEMISTRY provide a useful
background to these jobs. In some cases a chemistry-related subject is a pre-
requisite for entry to courses that provide the training for the job.
School subjects that include some aspect of PHYSICS provide a useful
background to these jobs. In some cases a physics-related subject is a pre-
requisite for entry to courses that provide the training for the job.
Duties and tasks of a Geologist
Geologists may perform the following tasks:
- explore specific areas of the earth to determine its structure and the types of rocks or minerals that are present
- study rock cores, cuttings and samples
- study geostatistics and sampling theory
- study fossilised life forms and date rock strata
- study the nature and effects of natural events such as erosion, sedimentation, glaciation, earthquakes and volcanic hazards
- locate and manage groundwater resources, investigate groundwater contamination and land salinity
- undertake geochemical sampling of stream sediment and soils
- undertake ground or airborne magnetic, gravity and other geophysical surveys
- examine geological specimens in laboratories using optical and electron microscopes, X-ray diffraction and other electronic, chemical and mechanical techniques
- advise on determining the economic viability of extracting earth resources
- advise on the geological suitability of sites for structures such as tunnels, roads, coastal installations, bridges and water supply schemes
- contribute information about land use, planning and rehabilitation, and the effects of pollution on seabeds to environmental assessments
- use computers to integrate and interpret data sets of geological information
- prepare geological models to describe processes and predict future situations
- prepare geological reports and maps.
An engineering geologist works with engineers to carry out detailed geological
mapping before major construction work, assesses the qualities of building
stone and quarry rocks used for building and road construction, and assesses
geological structures for open-cut and underground mine stability and safety,
and foundations for building.
A geochemist/mineralogist/petrologist studies the mineral and chemical
composition of rocks using equipment such as optical and electron microscopes,
X-ray diffraction, atomic absorption and mass spectrometry. They may also be
involved in examining the transport of pollutants through rock masses.
A hydrogeologist evaluates and manages the quality, quantity, reliability and
sustainability of all aspects of water resources. They are concerned with
groundwater and the soil-moisture variation, amount, speed and direction of
groundwater flow, extraction and replenishment of groundwater, and water
chemistry and pollution.
A petroleum geologist explores and charts stratigraphic arrangement,
composition and the structure of the Earth’s surface layers to locate
petroleum and natural gas. They estimate the size and distribution of reserves
using seismic and geological survey evidence and recommend the most
appropriate drilling and production methods.
A stratigrapher deals with the order in which sedimentary rock strata have
been deposited, their age and the processes by which they were formed.
An environmental geologist studies the nature of ground and surface waters,
soil movement, erosion and degradation, salinisation and coastal erosion; the
effects of pollution and human activity on rivers and seas; and the
environmental effects of mining, nuclear energy and waste disposal.
A structural geologist studies rock structures in field mapping and in
laboratory studies to reveal the history of folding and faulting, and how
these structures can influence mine engineering and building foundations. They
also conduct studies in water flow in aquifers.
Mine Site Geologist
A mine site geologist monitors and controls the grade (or quality) of the ore
mined. They also advise on assessments of the areas of an ore body that should
be mined at a particular time, and on defining the ore limits at the mine
based on economic considerations.
A mathematical geologist models the outcome of geological processes by
devising and applying the most appropriate data and computer models.
A geomorphologist studies the evolution and age of landforms and land
A database geologist maintains and updates the database of drilling and assay
results acquired during exploration and mining. This involves receiving
incoming new data, uploading it, and constantly ensuring that data is correct
and up to date.
A field/exploration geologist carries out surveys to determine the geological
structure, distribution and age of rocks and investigate where particular
natural resources are likely to be found.
A palaeontologist examines, classifies and describes animal and plant fossils
found in sedimentary rocks. Understanding the evolutionary order of the fossil
record is particularly important in oil exploration.