ANZSCO 2344 地质学家和地球物理学家 UNIT GROUP 2344 GEOLOGISTS AND GEOPHYSICISTS - FLYabroad

ANZSCO 2344 地质学家和地球物理学家 UNIT GROUP 2344 GEOLOGISTS AND GEOPHYSICISTS - FLYabroad

ANZSCO 2344 地质学家和地球物理学家职业描述 - FLYabroad

  • 地质学家和地球物理学家研究地球的组成,结构和其他的物理结构,为开采煤矿,石油,地下水等定位并提建议;侦查,检测,预测地震,磁,电,地热和海洋活动。地理学家没有包括在这个职业类别下。地理学家包含在2724职业类别的社会专家类别里。GEOLOGISTS AND GEOPHYSICISTS study the composition, structure and other physical attributes of the earth, locate and advise on the extraction of minerals, petroleum and ground water, and detect, monitor and forecast seismic, magnetic, electrical, thermal and oceanographic activity.Geographers are excluded from this unit group. Geographers are included in Unit Group 2724 Social Professionals.

ANZSCO 2344 地质学家和地球物理学家技能要求 - FLYabroad

  • 此类别的大多数职业要求相应的本科或更高资格。某些情况下,除正规学历外需要相关的工作经验或在职培训。(ANZSCO 技术水平 1级)Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

ANZSCO 2344 地质学家和地球物理学家主要职责 - FLYabroad

  • 与勘探者,采矿工程师,冶金学家,其他矿业科学家和工程师指导矿产,石油和天然气的储量的初步调查 conducting preliminary surveys of mineral, petroleum and natural gas deposits with prospectors, Mining Engineers, Metallurgists, and other mineral scientists and engineers
  • 准备和监督实验室报告和科学论文作品 preparing and supervising the production of laboratory reports and scientific papers
  • 指导地球外壳和内部矿产的结构,性质和形成的研究 conducting studies of the structure, nature and formation of the earth’s crust and the minerals contained in it
  • 研究并给化石和岩层判定年代,发展进化,生物形成知识,评估他们的商业应用 studying and dating fossils and rock strata to develop knowledge of the evolution and biology of life forms,and to assess their commercial applications
  • 研究自然事件的影响,例如,侵蚀,沉降,地震,火山喷发,地球表面和海床的形成 studying the effects of natural events, such as erosion, sedimentation, earthquakes and volcanic activity,onthe formation of the earth’s surface and sea beds
  • 指导探测来确定资源。通过利用光学,化学,电子和机械技术进行取样,测试,和分析地质标本,岩核,碎片和样品 carrying out exploration to determine the resources present by sampling, examining and analysing geological specimens, rock cores, cuttings and samples using optical, chemical, electronic and mechanical techniques
  • 通过对地球重力和磁场变化的研究来决定其物理特征 conducting surveys of variations in the earth‘s gravitational and magnetic fields to determine its physical features
  • 通过探测地震波的延伸来决定地幔和地壳的结构和稳定性 investigating the propagation of seismic waves to determine the structure and stability of the earth’s mantle and crust
  • 研究地震原因和其他地壳的应力状态 studying the causes of earthquakes and other stress states of the earth’s crust
  • 进行实验室,现场研究和天空,地面,钻孔研究 performing laboratory and field studies, and aerial, ground and drill hole surveys

ANZSCO 2344 地质学家和地球物理学家职业列表 - FLYabroad

  • 234411 地质学家 Geologist
  • 234412 地球物理学家 Geophysicist

234411 地质学家 GEOLOGIST

  • 研究地球的组成,结构,和其他物理结构以增加科学知识并在矿产开发,土木工程,环境保护和开采后的土地恢复等领域开发实际应用 Studies the composition, structure and other physical attributes of the earth to increase scientific knowledge and to develop practical applications in fields such as mineral exploitation, civil engineering, environmental protection and rehabilitation of land after mining.
  • 技能水平 1级 Skill Level: 1
  • 具体职业 Specialisations:
  • 水文地质学家 Hydrogeologist
  • 海洋地质学家 Marine Geologist
  • 古生物学家 Palaeontologist

234412 地球物理学家 GEOPHYSICIST

  • 研究地球的组成,结构,和其他物理结构,定位矿产,石油,地下水;测试,检测,预测地震,磁,电,地热和海洋活动 Studies the composition, structure and other physical attributes of the earth, locates minerals, petroleum or ground water, and detects, monitors and forecasts seismic, magnetic, electrical, geothermal and oceanographic activity.
  • 技能水平 1级 Skill Level: 1
  • 具体职业 Specialisations:
  • 海洋物理学家 Physical Oceanographer
  • 地震学家 Seismologist

[234413 水文地质学家 Hydrogeologist][234413]

  • 监控、测量、分析地表和地下水资源,以及其他方面的水文循环,包括人类对水资源的应用等 Monitors, measures, analyses and describes the earth surface and groundwater resources and many aspects of the water cycle, including human use of water resources.
  • 技能水平 1级 Skill Level: 1

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  • 接下来的5年内,即截止到2019年11月,地质学家和地球物理学家的职位空缺数量预计将低于一般水平,处于5001-10000之间。职位空缺包括就业增长和人员流动(人员流动指的是工人的换岗或者离职)。

  • 在过去5年里,该职业就业情况增长非常强劲(以百分比计算),且从长期来看(10年)该职业就业情况也增长非常强劲。预计到2019年11月,地质学家和地球物理学家就业情况将会保持相对稳定。

  • 这是一个需求量一般的职业(2014年11月的需求量达14300个),表明该职业在部分地区就业机会有限。

  • 地质学家和地球物理学家中全职工作者比例较高,占88.1%。全职地质学家和地球物理学家,平均每周工作45.1小时(所有职位平均每周40.9小时),收入较高,一般10位数。此外,地质学家和地球物理学家失业率等于所有职业平均失业率。

  • 地质学家和地球物理学家教育水平普遍是学士学位,其中约占67.0%。

  • 地质学家和地球物理学家主要从事采矿业、专业、科学与技术服务和公共管理与安全。

  • Over the five years to November 2019, the number of job openings for Geologists and Geophysicists is expected to be below average (between 5,001 and 10,000). Job openings count both employment growth and turnover (defined as workers leaving their occupation for other employment or leaving the workforce). Further information about job openings and projected employment growth is available on the Help page.
  • Employment for this occupation rose very strongly (in percentage terms) in the past five years and rose very strongly in the long-term (ten years). Looking forward, employment for Geologists and Geophysicists to November 2019 is expected to remain relatively steady.
  • This is a medium sized occupation (14,300 in November 2014) suggesting that opportunities may be limited in some regions.
  • Geologists and Geophysicists have a high proportion of full-time jobs (88.1 per cent). For Geologists and Geophysicists working full-time, average weekly hours are 45.1 (compared to 40.9 for all occupations) and earnings are high - in the tenth decile. Unemployment for Geologists and Geophysicists is average.
  • The most common level of educational attainment for Geologists and Geophysicists is Bachelor degree (67.0 per cent).
  • Geologists and Geophysicists are mainly employed in Mining, Professional, Scientific and Technical Services and Public Administration and Safety.

Key Indicators

Key Indicators graph - see table below for a summary

These data show 9 key indicators for this occupation - employment size, full-time share of employment, earnings, unemployment, historical employment growth (long-term, medium term and short-term), future employment growth, mix of industries and job openings. Estimates have been rounded and consequently some discrepancies may occur between sums of the component items and totals.

2344 Job Prospects

2344 职业统计数据 Statistics

  • 周薪(税前)Weekly Earnings (before tax)

周薪(税前)Weekly Earnings (before tax)

  • 就业水平 Employment Level (thousands)

就业水平 Employment Level (thousands)

  • 增长比例 Recent Job Growth (per cent)

增长比例 Recent Job Growth (per cent)

  • 按性别计算就业增长 Employment Growth by Gender (thousands)

按性别计算就业增长 Employment Growth by Gender (thousands)

  • 性别比例 Gender (per cent share)

性别比例 Gender (per cent share)

  • 周工作小时数 Weekly Hours Worked

周工作小时数 Weekly Hours Worked

  • 年龄 Age Profile (per cent share)

年龄 Age Profile (per cent share)

  • 各州就业比例 Employment by State and Territory (per cent share)

各州就业比例 Employment by State and Territory (per cent share)

  • 所在行业 Main Employing Industries (per cent share)

所在行业 Main Employing Industries (per cent share)

  • 教育程度 Educational Attainment (per cent of employment)

教育程度 Educational Attainment (per cent of employment)

2344 职业找工作信息

数据来源: abs.gov.au 及 joboutlook.gov.au

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