ANZSCO 3421 空调和制冷技工 AIRCONDITIONING AND REFRIGERATION MECHANICS - FLYabroad

ANZSCO 3421 空调和制冷技工 AIRCONDITIONING AND REFRIGERATION MECHANICS - FLYabroad

ANZSCO 3421 空调和制冷技工职责概述 - FLYabroad

  • 安装、维护和修理工业用、商用和家用空调和制冷系统和设备。AIRCONDITIONING AND REFRIGERATION MECHANICS assemble, install, maintain and repair industrial, commercial and domestic airconditioning and refrigeration systems and equipment

ANZSCO 3421 空调和制冷技工技能要求 Indicative 技术等级 Skill Level - FLYabroad

  • 本单元的大多数职位需要具有与下述资质和经验相当的技术层次。Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with the qualifications and experience outlined below
  • 在澳洲:AQF证书3级,包括至少2年的在职培训或AQF证书IV级(ANZSCO技术3级)In Australia: AQF Certificate III including at least two years of on-the-job training, or AQF Certificate IV (ANZSCO Skill Level 3)
  • 在新西兰:NNZ资格证4级(ANZSCO技术3级)In New Zealand: NZ Register Level 4 qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 3)
  • 至少3年的工作经验可以代替上述的资格证。At least three years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualifications listed above.
  • 有时除了资格证外,还需要相关的工作经验和/或在职培训。In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification
  • 可能需要注册或许可。Registration or licensing may be required

ANZSCO 3421 空调和制冷技工主要职责 Tasks Include - FLYabroad

  • 根据图纸和说明书确定工作要求,并计划安装参考点。establishing job requirements from drawings and specifications, and laying out installation reference points
  • 钻孔、安装固定架、对管子进行切割、弯曲和制作螺纹。drilling holes, installing mounting brackets and cutting, bending and threading piping
  • 为蒸汽、气体、压缩空气、石油和冷却水的使用安装和修理如下部件:如压缩机、发动机、冷凝器、蒸发器、开关和仪表、铜线 installing and repairing components such as compressors, motors, condensers, evaporators, switches and gauges, and copper lines for steam, gas, refrigerant, compressed air, oil and chilled water
  • 栓接、焊接、铆接、铜焊管道已完成与设备的连接,校准并检查安装的精确度。bolting, soldering, riveting, welding and brazing pipes to connect equipment, and checking alignment and accuracy of fit
  • 使用气体或液体进行试漏测试。filling systems with gas or fluid to check for leaks
  • 对制冷系统进行测试操作,检查并调整机制。test-operating refrigeration systems, checking mechanisms and making adjustments
  • 使用真空泵抽出测试气体和液体,并加入制冷剂。removing test gas and fluid using vacuum pumps, and filling with refrigerant
  • 检修制冷系统,确定故障所在并修复和更换残次部件。checking and overhauling refrigeration systems, diagnosing faults and repairing and replacing defective components
  • 调整系统控制和机制,重装系统。adjusting system controls and mechanisms and reassembling systems
  • 记录故障的原因和采取的措施。recording causes of malfunctioning and action taken

ANZSCO 3421 空调和制冷技工职位列表 List of occupations - FLYabroad

342111 空调和制冷技工 AIRCONDITIONING AND REFRIGERATION MECHANIC

  • 安装、维护和修理工业用、商用和家用空调和制冷系统和设备。Assembles, installs, maintains and repairs industrial, commercial and domestic airconditioning and refrigeration systems and equipment
  • 可能要注册和许可。Registration or licensing may be required
  • 技术级别 Skill Level: 3

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  • 在接下来5年,截止到2019年11月,空调和制冷技工的职位空缺预计会处于平均水平(10001-25000之间)。职位空缺包括就业增长和人员流动(人员流动指的是工人的换岗或者离职)。
  • 在过去5年中,此职业的就业情况处于相对稳定的状态(按百分比计算),长期来看(10年)会缓慢增长。预计到2019年11月,空调和制冷技工职业的就业将会强劲增长。
  • 这是一个需求量居中的职业(2014年11月的需求量为21300个),表明在部分地区就业机会有限。
  • 空调和制冷技工职位全职工作的比例非常高(为93.6%)。对于全职工作的空调和制冷技工,每周平均工作42.6小时(所有职位的平均小时为40.9),收入为平均水平-在第 5 档。空调和制冷技工职业的失业率处于平均水平。
  • 空调和制冷技工职业的最常见的教育水平为三级或四级水平,其中约占75.0%
  • 空调和制冷技工主要受雇于建筑业、其他服务业和零售贸易业。
  • Over the five years to November 2019, the number of job openings for Airconditioning and Refrigeration Mechanics is expected to be average (between 10,001 and 25,000). Job openings count both employment growth and turnover (defined as workers leaving their occupation for other employment or leaving the workforce). Further information about job openings and projected employment growth is available on the Help page.
  • Employment for this occupation remained relatively steady in the past five years and rose moderately in the long-term (ten years). Looking forward, employment for Airconditioning and Refrigeration Mechanics to November 2019 is expected to grow strongly.
  • This is a medium sized occupation (21,300 in November 2014) suggesting that opportunities may be limited in some regions.
  • Airconditioning and Refrigeration Mechanics have a very high proportion of full-time jobs (93.6 per cent). For Airconditioning and Refrigeration Mechanics working full-time, average weekly hours are 42.6 (compared to 40.9 for all occupations) and earnings are average - in the fifth decile. Unemployment for Airconditioning and Refrigeration Mechanics is average.
  • The most common level of educational attainment for Airconditioning and Refrigeration Mechanics is Certificate III/IV (75.0 per cent).
  • Airconditioning and Refrigeration Mechanics are mainly employed in Construction, Other Services and Retail Trade.

Key Indicators

Key Indicators graph - see table below for a summary

These data show 9 key indicators for this occupation - employment size, full-time share of employment, earnings, unemployment, historical employment growth (long-term, medium term and short-term), future employment growth, mix of industries and job openings. Estimates have been rounded and consequently some discrepancies may occur between sums of the component items and totals.

3421 Job Prospects

3421 职业统计数据 Statistics

  • 周薪(税前)Weekly Earnings (before tax)

周薪(税前)Weekly Earnings (before tax)

  • 就业水平 Employment Level (thousands)

就业水平 Employment Level (thousands)

  • 增长比例 Recent Job Growth (per cent)

增长比例 Recent Job Growth (per cent)

  • 按性别计算就业增长 Employment Growth by Gender (thousands)

按性别计算就业增长 Employment Growth by Gender (thousands)

  • 性别比例 Gender (per cent share)

性别比例 Gender (per cent share)

  • 周工作小时数 Weekly Hours Worked

周工作小时数 Weekly Hours Worked

  • 年龄 Age Profile (per cent share)

年龄 Age Profile (per cent share)

  • 各州就业比例 Employment by State and Territory (per cent share)

各州就业比例 Employment by State and Territory (per cent share)

  • 所在行业 Main Employing Industries (per cent share)

所在行业 Main Employing Industries (per cent share)

  • 教育程度 Educational Attainment (per cent of employment)

教育程度 Educational Attainment (per cent of employment)

3421 职业找工作信息

数据来源: abs.gov.au 及 joboutlook.gov.au

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