ANZSCO 2345 生命科学家 UNIT GROUP 2345 LIFE SCIENTISTS - FLYabroad

ANZSCO 2345 生命科学家 UNIT GROUP 2345 LIFE SCIENTISTS - FLYabroad

ANZSCO 2345 生命科学家职业描述 - FLYabroad

  • 生命科学家检测人类,动物,植物和其他有机体的解剖学,生理学和生态化学,以更好的了解他们的功能和他们是怎样与所生存的环境相互作用的 LIFE SCIENTISTS examine the anatomy, physiology and biochemistry of humans, animals, plants and other living organisms to better understand how living organisms function and interact with each other and the environment in which they live.

ANZSCO 2345 生命科学家技能要求 - FLYabroad

  • 此类别的大多数职业要求相应的本科或更高资格。某些情况下,除正规学历外需要相关的工作经验或在职培训。(ANZSCO 技术水平 1级)Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition
    to the formal qualification (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

ANZSCO 2345 生命科学家主要职责 - FLYabroad

  • 设计并指导实验,做观察和测试,研究信息,分析数据,准备和监督实验室报告和科学论文,在科学会议和研讨会上展示发现,监督职员的工作 designing and conducting experiments, making observations and measurements, researching information,analysing data, preparing or supervising the preparation of laboratory reports and scientific papers,presenting findings at scientific meetings and conferences, and supervising the work of staff
  • 通过系统观察,解剖和微观检测研究身体器官和组织的形式和结构 studying the forms and structures of bodily organs and tissues by systematic observation, dissection and microscopic examination
  • 研究活细胞的结构和功能,并研究人类,动物,植物和微生物相对独立的组成部分,器官和组织 investigating the chemical structure and function of living cells and their isolated components, organs and tissues in humans, animals, plants, and micro-organisms
  • 检验微生物,例如,细菌,真菌,酵母和酶,利用所学知识发展新的提高现有的产品,材料和程序 examining micro-organisms, such as bacteria, fungi, yeast and their enzymes, and using the knowledge gained to create and develop new, and improve existing, products, materials and processes
  • 研究环境因素对植物生长的影响,例如降雨量,气温,阳光,土壤,地形和疾病investigating the effects of environmental factors, such as rainfall, temperature, sunlight, soil, topography and disease, on plant growth
  • 计划并进行试验来研究,测试和了解海洋动物和植物 planning and undertaking experiments to study, measure and understand marine animals and plants
  • 研究微生物的生长和特征,例如,细菌,藻类和真菌,和他们对植物,动物和人类的影响,发展医学的,兽医的,工业的,环境的和其他实际的应用 studying the growth and characteristics of micro-organisms, such as bacteria, algae and fungi, and the effects they have on plants, animals and humans to develop medical, veterinary, industrial, environmental and other practical applications
  • 调查动物们在自然环境,被关起来的环境和在实验室中的相互关系 investigating the interrelationships between animals in their natural surroundings, in captivity and in laboratories

ANZSCO 2345 生命科学家职业列表 - FLYabroad

  • 234511 生命科学家(一般)Life Scientist (General)
  • 234512 生理学家 Anatomist or Physiologist
  • 234513 生物化学家 Biochemist
  • 234514 生物工艺学家 Biotechnologist
  • 234515 植物学家 Botanist
  • 234516 海洋生物学家 Marine Biologist
  • 234517 微生物学家 Microbiologist
  • 234518 动物学家 Zoologist
  • 234599 生命科学家 Life Scientists nec

234511 生命科学家(普通)LIFESCIENTIST(GENERAL)

  • 参考职位 Alternative Title:
  • 生物学家(概述)Biologist ((General)
  • 研究有机体的起源,解剖学,生理学,繁殖和行为,并研究他们是怎样与所生活的环境相作用的 Studies the origin, anatomy, physiology, reproduction and behaviour of living organisms and the ways in which they interact with the environment in which they live.
  • 技能水平:1级 Skill Level: 1

234512 生理学家 ANATOMIST OR PHYSIOLOGIST

  • 研究人类的解剖学和生理学 Studies the anatomy and physiology of humans.
  • 技能水平:1级 Skill Level: 1
  • 具体职业 Specialisations:
  • 细胞学家 Embryologist
  • 神经解剖学家 Neuroanatomist

234513 生物化学家 BIOCHEMIST

  • 研究有机体的生物化学和分子结构和相关成分的功能 Studies the biochemistry of living organisms and the molecular structure and function of related components.
  • 技能水平:1级 Skill Level: 1
  • 具体职业 Specialisations:
  • 酶化学家 Enzyme Chemist
  • 蛋白质化学家 Protein Chemist

234514 生物工艺学家 BIOTECHNOLOGIST

  • 研究有机体和独立生态分子的解剖学,生理学和特征,并为适用各种目的开发新材料 Studies the anatomy, physiology and characteristics of living organisms and isolated biological molecules, and develops new materials for applying to a range of purposes.
  • 技能水平:1级 Skill Level: 1
  • 具体职业 Specialisations:
  • 细胞遗传学家 Cell Geneticist
  • 分子生物学家 Molecular Biologist
  • 分子遗产学家 Molecular Geneticist

234515 植物学家 BOTANIST

  • 研究植物的解剖学,生理学,生物化学和生态学 Studies the anatomy, physiology, biochemistry and ecology of plants.
  • 技能水平:1级 Skill Level: 1
  • 具体职业 Specialisations:
  • 植物形态学家 Plant Morphologist
  • 植物病理学家 Plant Pathologist
  • 植物生理学家 Plant Physiologist
  • 植物分类学家 Plant Taxonomist

234516 海洋生物学家 MARINEBIOLOGIST

  • 研究解剖学,生理学,功能,特征,行为和海洋和相联系的水体中的各种形态的生命的环境Studies the anatomy, physiology, functions, characteristics, behaviour and environments of all forms of life living in the sea and connected water bodies.
  • 技能水平:1级 Skill Level: 1

234517 微生物学家 MICROBIOLOGIST

  • 研究生命的微生物形式,例如细菌,病毒和原生动物 Studies microscopic forms of life such as bacteria, viruses and protozoa.
  • 技能水平:1级 Skill Level: 1
  • 具体职业 Specialisation:
    学家(非临床)Bacteriologist (Non-medical)

234518 动物学家 ZOOLOGIST

  • 研究动物解剖学,生理学,特征,生态,行为和环境 Studies the anatomy, physiology, characteristics, ecology, behaviour and environments of animals.
  • 技能水平:1级 Skill Level: 1
  • 具体职业 Specialisations:
    • 昆虫学家 Entomologist
    • 鸟类学家 Ornithologist

234599 生命科学家 LIFE SCIENTISTSNEC

  • 此类职业包含了别处没有分类的生命科学家 This occupation group covers Life Scientists not elsewhere classified.
  • 技能水平:1级 Skill Level: 1
  • 此类包含的职业 Occupations in this group include:
    • 动物行为学家 Animal Behaviourist
    • 寄生虫学家 Parasitologist
    • 药理学家(非临床)Pharmacologist (Non-clinical)
    • 毒理学家 Toxicologist

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234500A 收入图示(Earnings) - 飞出国

234500A 职业全职从业者税前周薪比例(Income Range Per Week - Before tax)

Income of persons working full-time

234500A 职业全职与兼职从业者税前周薪比较(Income Based On Employment Status Per Week - Before tax)

Earnings of persons working full- and part-time

数据来源: abs.gov.au 及 myfuture.edu.au

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What’s it like to be a Life Scientist?

Life scientists examine the anatomy, physiology and biochemistry of humans,
animals, plants and other living organisms to better understand how living
organisms function and interact with each other and the environment.

How much can I expect to earn?

Full-time employed Life Scientist earn an average of $1315 per week. The
[average annual salary for this job is $68380 excluding super.]

Personal requirements

  • enjoy and have aptitude for science and research
  • able to think logically and analytically
  • able to carry out detailed and accurate work
  • good communication skills
  • flexible
  • able to work as part of a team.

This job also involves:

Good vision for detail

These jobs require you to be able to see clearly to examine items close-up. It
covers jobs where poor vision e.g. tunnel vision, could make the work place
unsafe or the job difficult to undertake, e.g. draftsperson working with
detailed drawings; checkout operator reading dockets; work requiring good
hand-eye co-ordination for working with precision or semi-precision tools.

Handling chemicals/greasy items

These jobs involve the daily handling of substances which may cause irritation
to skin, eyes, etc., and may aggravate dermatitis or other medical conditions.

Mainly indoor work

Workers performing these jobs would usually be expected to spend more than
three-quarters of their day indoors, in an office, factory or other enclosed
area protected from the weather.

Reading or writing

These jobs require moderate or better reading and writing skills. Workers may
be expected to prepare, understand or act on written materials, such as
letters or reports. People may wish to avoid these jobs if their reading or
writing English skills are limited to a small range of words or phrases and
symbols. Jobs remaining may still require very basic reading or writing
skills.

This occupation offers jobs at the following skill levels:

Professional Jobs

Jobs in this group usually require completion of a recognised Bachelor Degree,
or extensive relevant experience. Some jobs also require post-graduate study,
such as a Graduate Certificate, Graduate Diploma or Master Degree.

Study requirements

At school, you can study these subject(s) to get a good foundation for this
occupation:

Biology

School subjects that include some aspect of BIOLOGY provide a useful
background to these jobs. In some cases a biology-related subject is a pre-
requisite for entry to courses that provide the training for the job.

Mathematics

School subjects that include some aspect of MATHEMATICS provide a useful
background to these jobs. In some cases a mathematics-related subject is a
pre-requisite for entry to courses that provide the training for the job.

Rural Studies

School subjects that include some aspect of RURAL STUDIES provide a useful
background to these jobs. In some cases an rural studies subject is a pre-
requisite for entry to courses that provide the training for the job.

Duties and tasks of a Life Scientist

A life scientist may perform the following tasks:

  • study the genetic, chemical, physical and structural composition of cells, tissues and organisms
  • identify cellular and developmental events that ensure continuity of life
  • determine the influence of internal and external environments on processes in animals (including humans), plants and other organisms
  • study organisms in controlled environments to gain an understanding of their survival and growth in real environments
  • examine the way mixed communities and ecosystems function in relation to their environment and the different organisms found in them
  • predict the way humans and other influences will affect the structure and interactions in natural ecosystems
  • apply their knowledge and findings from research to maximise the long-term economic, social, environmental and recreational return from living resources
  • write scientific reports on research, investigations and more general information for scientific, managerial, political and general audiences
  • provide advice to managers, politicians, primary producers, health care workers and the general public.

Specialisations

Marine Scientist

A marine scientist uses principles and techniques of natural sciences,
mathematics and engineering to study the coastal zone and oceans: their
movements, physical properties and biological organisms. Marine scientists
assist in developing practical methods for weather forecasting, environmental
assessment, locating and developing fishing and mining resources, and
improving national defence. They may develop new technologies to protect the
seas from pollution and the coasts from damage by waves and tides. Marine
scientists make use of special instruments, satellites, cameras, sounding
devices and research vessels when undertaking ocean exploration work. They may
also make underwater dives.

Biological Scientist

A biological scientist studies the structure, function, behaviour and
interactions of living organisms to increase scientific knowledge and develop
practical applications in fields such as agriculture, fisheries,
biotechnology, medicine and the environment.

  • 接下来的5年内,即截止到2019年11月,生命科学家的职位空缺数量预计将低于一般水平,处于5001-10000。职位空缺包括就业增长和人员流动(人员流动指的是工人的换岗或者离职)。

  • 在过去5年里,该职业就业情况增长非常强劲(以百分比计算),且从长期来看(10年)该职业就业情况也增长非常强劲。预计到2019年11月,生命科学家就业情况将会温和增长。

  • 这是一个需求量一般的职业(2014年11月的需求量达12900个),表明该职业在部分地区就业机会有限。

  • 生命科学家中全职工作者比例一般,占73.2%。全职生命科学家,平均每周工作39.7小时(所有职位平均每周40.9小时),收入高于所有职业平均收入,一般8位数。此外,生命科学家失业率低于所有职业平均失业率。

  • 生命科学家教育水平普遍是硕士学位或学士学位,其中约占67.1%。

  • 生命科学家主要从事专业、科学与技术服务、教育与培训和医疗保健与社会援助。

  • Over the five years to November 2019, the number of job openings for Life Scientists is expected to be below average (between 5,001 and 10,000). Job openings count both employment growth and turnover (defined as workers leaving their occupation for other employment or leaving the workforce). Further information about job openings and projected employment growth is available on the Help page.
  • Employment for this occupation rose very strongly (in percentage terms) in the past five years and rose very strongly in the long-term (ten years). Looking forward, employment for Life Scientists to November 2019 is expected to grow moderately.
  • This is a medium sized occupation (12,900 in November 2014) suggesting that opportunities may be limited in some regions.
  • Life Scientists have an average proportion of full-time jobs (73.2 per cent). For Life Scientists working full-time, average weekly hours are 39.7 (compared to 40.9 for all occupations) and earnings are above average - in the eighth decile. Unemployment for Life Scientists is below average.
  • The most common level of educational attainment for Life Scientists is Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate (67.1 per cent).
  • Life Scientists are mainly employed in Professional, Scientific and Technical Services, Education and Training and Health Care and Social Assistance.

Key Indicators

Key Indicators graph - see table below for a summary

These data show 9 key indicators for this occupation - employment size, full-time share of employment, earnings, unemployment, historical employment growth (long-term, medium term and short-term), future employment growth, mix of industries and job openings. Estimates have been rounded and consequently some discrepancies may occur between sums of the component items and totals.

2345 Job Prospects

2345 职业统计数据 Statistics

  • 周薪(税前)Weekly Earnings (before tax)

周薪(税前)Weekly Earnings (before tax)

  • 就业水平 Employment Level (thousands)

就业水平 Employment Level (thousands)

  • 增长比例 Recent Job Growth (per cent)

增长比例 Recent Job Growth (per cent)

  • 按性别计算就业增长 Employment Growth by Gender (thousands)

按性别计算就业增长 Employment Growth by Gender (thousands)

  • 性别比例 Gender (per cent share)

性别比例 Gender (per cent share)

  • 周工作小时数 Weekly Hours Worked

周工作小时数 Weekly Hours Worked

  • 年龄 Age Profile (per cent share)

年龄 Age Profile (per cent share)

  • 各州就业比例 Employment by State and Territory (per cent share)

各州就业比例 Employment by State and Territory (per cent share)

  • 所在行业 Main Employing Industries (per cent share)

所在行业 Main Employing Industries (per cent share)

  • 教育程度 Educational Attainment (per cent of employment)

教育程度 Educational Attainment (per cent of employment)

2345 职业找工作信息

数据来源: abs.gov.au 及 joboutlook.gov.au

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