ANZSCO 2112 音乐职业人员 Music Professionals - FLYabroad

ANZSCO 2112 音乐职业人员 Music Professionals - FLYabroad

ANZSCO 2112 音乐职业人员职责概述 - FLYabroad

  • 音乐职业人员撰写、安排、编曲、指导和表演音乐作品。 MUSIC PROFESSIONALS write, arrange, orchestrate, conduct and perform musical compositions.

ANZSCO 2112 音乐职业人员技能要求 Indicative Skill Level - FLYabroad

  • 本组中大多数职业都要求具有与学士学位或更高资格相当的技能水平。五年以上相关工作经验可以代替正规资格要求。某些情况下,除了要求有正规资格还要求有相关经验和在职培训经历。这一职业需要很高的创作才华、个人对工作的执着和兴趣,或有任职资格或经验。(ANZSCO 1级水平) In Australia and New Zealand: Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. At least five years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualification. Some occupations in this unit group require high levels of creative talent or personal commitment and interest as well as, or in place of, formal qualifications or experience (ANZSCO Skill Level 1).

ANZSCO 2112 音乐职业人员主要职责 Tasks Include - FLYabroad

  • 创作有旋律的、和谐的、有节奏的音乐形式来表达思想和情感 creating melodic, harmonic and rhythmic structures to express ideas and emotions in musical form
  • 将想法和观念转换成音乐符号再现故事情景 translating ideas and concepts into standard musical signs and symbols for reproduction and performance
  • 与客户进行研究和商讨,根据客户的要求为电视广告、流行唱片以及广播、电视和电影作品制作音乐背景 undertaking research and liaising with clients when composing musical backing for television commercials, popular recordings, and radio, television and film productions
  • 面试并选拔音乐人和歌手 auditioning and selecting musicians and Singers
  • 为表演选择音乐以及分派乐器给相应乐师 selecting music for performances and assigning instrumental parts to musicians
  • 指导音乐团体的彩排,如音调和和声的平衡以及节奏和速度等,以达到预期的表演效果, directing musical groups at rehearsals and performances to achieve desired effects such as tonal and harmonic balance, rhythm and tempo
  • 在表演之前排练节目和熟悉乐谱 studying and rehearsing repertoire and musical scores prior to performances
  • 为朗诵者伴奏,或在管弦乐队、乐队或其他音乐团体中演奏 playing music in recital, as an accompanist, or as a member of an orchestra, band or other musical group, from score and by memory
  • 根据乐曲介绍和所要表达的风格,使用高度成熟的技巧将再现音乐作品 performing music and songs according to interpretation, direction and style of presentation, using highly developed aural skills to reproduce music

ANZSCO 2112 音乐职业人员职位列表 List of occupations - FLYabroad

  • 211211 作曲家 Composer
  • 211212 音乐总监 Music Director
  • 211213 音乐家(乐师) Musician (Instrumental)
  • 211214 歌手 Singer

211211 作曲家 Composer

  • 创作新作品并重新编排老的音乐形式,例如歌曲、歌剧、交响曲、音乐乐谱和广告歌曲等。这一职业需要很高的创作才华、个人对工作的执着和兴趣,或有任职资格或经验。 Writes new and rearranges existing musical compositions such as songs, operas, symphonies, musical scores and advertising jingles. This occupation requires high levels of creative talent or personal commitment and interest as well as, or in place of, formal qualifications or experience.
  • 技能等级:1 Skill Level: 1
  • 职业方向 Specialisations
  • 管弦乐演奏者 Orchestrator
  • 曲作家 Music Arranger
  • 流行歌曲作家 Songwriter

211212 音乐总监 Music Director

  • 指挥合唱队、管弦乐队、流行乐队、合唱团、歌剧和演奏会。这一职业需要很高的创作才华、个人对工作的执着和兴趣,或有任职资格或经验。 Conducts choirs, orchestras, bands, ensembles, opera companies and musical performances. This occupation requires high levels of creative talent or personal commitment and interest as well as, or in place of, formal qualifications or experience.
  • 技能等级:1 Skill Level: 1
  • 职业方向 Specialisations
  • 乐队队长 Band Leader
  • 合唱指挥 Choral Director
  • 管弦乐队指挥 Orchestra Conductor

211213 音乐家(乐师) Musician (Instrumental)

  • 替代职位: Alternative Title:
  • 乐器演奏家 Instrumentalist
  • 演奏一种或一种以上乐器娱乐大众。这一职业需要很高的创作才华、个人对工作的执着和兴趣,或有任职资格或经验。 Entertains by playing one or more musical instruments. This occupation requires high levels of creative talent or personal commitment and interest as well as, or in place of, formal qualifications or experience.
  • 技能等级:1 Skill Level: 1
  • 职业方向 Specialisations
  • 鼓手 Drummer
  • 吉他手 Guitarist
  • 钢琴家 Pianist
  • 小提琴家 Violinist

211214 歌手 Singer

  • 替代职位: Alternative Title:
  • 声乐家 Vocalist
  • 通过演唱歌曲娱乐大众。这一职业需要很高的创作才华、个人对工作的执着和兴趣,或有任职资格或经验。 Entertains by singing songs. This occupation requires high levels of creative talent or personal commitment and interest as well as, or in place of, formal qualifications or experience.
  • 技能等级:1 Skill Level: 1
  • 职业方向 Specialisations
  • 乐队歌手 Band Singer
  • 合唱队歌手 Chorister
  • 商业歌手(广告)Commercial Singer (Advertising)
  • 爵士歌手 Jazz Singer
  • 歌剧演唱者 Opera Singer
  • 流行歌手 Pop Singer
  • 摇滚 Rock Singer

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211200A 收入图示(Earnings) - 飞出国

211200A 职业全职从业者税前周薪比例(Income Range Per Week - Before tax)

Income of persons working full-time

211200A 职业全职与兼职从业者税前周薪比较(Income Based On Employment Status Per Week - Before tax)

Earnings of persons working full- and part-time

数据来源: 及

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What’s it like to be a Musician?

Musicians write, arrange, orchestrate, perform, record and conduct musical

Musicians must be prepared to work irregular hours and spend long periods in
practice and rehearsal. Some musicians work in areas unrelated to music to
support themselves. Many professional musicians with experience in all styles
combine music performance and music teaching careers in Australia.

How much can I expect to earn?

Earnings data based on the Employee Earnings, Benefits and Trade Union
Membership survey by the Australian Bureau of Statistics is either unavailable
or unpublishable (typically for privacy reasons).

Personal requirements

  • musical skills
  • stamina to perform at peak level
  • self-confidence, motivation, dedication and determination
  • good communication skills
  • able to concentrate for long periods
  • mastery of one or more styles of music such as classical, jazz or pop
  • flair for entertainment.

This job also involves:

Full use of hands/fingers

Use of precision or semi-precision tools or instruments or deft hand movements
are required for these occupations. Included are jobs where poor co-ordination
or incomplete use of hands or fingers may make tasks dangerous or difficult to

Mainly indoor work

Workers performing these jobs would usually be expected to spend more than
three-quarters of their day indoors, in an office, factory or other enclosed
area protected from the weather.

Noisy environment

These jobs are generally performed in a noisy environment, where a hearing
impairment may make the task dangerous or difficult to perform.

Reading or writing

These jobs require moderate or better reading and writing skills. Workers may
be expected to prepare, understand or act on written materials, such as
letters or reports. People may wish to avoid these jobs if their reading or
writing English skills are limited to a small range of words or phrases and
symbols. Jobs remaining may still require very basic reading or writing

This occupation offers jobs at the following skill levels:

Professional Jobs

Jobs in this group usually require completion of a recognised Bachelor Degree,
or extensive relevant experience. Some jobs also require post-graduate study,
such as a Graduate Certificate, Graduate Diploma or Master Degree.

Study requirements

At school, you can study these subject(s) to get a good foundation for this

Performing Arts

School subjects that include some aspect of the PERFORMING ARTS provide a
useful background to these jobs. In some cases a performing arts subject is a
pre-requisite for entry to courses that provide the training for the job.

Duties and tasks of a Musician

Musicians may perform the following tasks:

  • study and rehearse musical scores prior to performances
  • play music in recitals as an accompanist or as a member of an orchestra, band or other musical group, from score or by memory
  • make recordings for sale or promotion on compact disc or online
  • create accompanying videos for the music
  • provide musical backing for television commercials, popular recordings, radio, television or film productions
  • improvise, transpose, compose or arrange music
  • play under the direction of a conductor.


A musician may perform a variety of tasks depending on their area of

Music Arranger

A music arranger transcribes musical compositions or melodic lines to adapt
and modify them for particular performance formats, such as orchestras, bands,
choral groups or solo performance. People with these skills may proceed to a
number of jobs, including music teacher, music director, conductor or record

Conductor (Music)

A conductor (music) conducts instrumental groups such as symphony orchestras
and large bands. Conductors may audition and select members of a group. They
choose music to accommodate the group’s abilities and to suit different types
of performance events. Conductors become familiar with the complete musical
score, conduct rehearsals, instruct players on their performances and try to
make the best use of each instrumentalist’s talents. They conduct performances
in which they control factors such as balance, rhythm, dynamics and timing to
create an effect consistent with their own interpretation of the score.


A composer creates musical compositions for films, plays, television, concerts
and operas. Composers may specialise in one type of music or in compositions
for particular instruments. They may write lyrics to accompany the music.

Classical Musician

A classical musician works to very high technical levels and develops a high
standard of ensemble skills. Classical musicians must develop the ability to
adapt to the demands of international conductors and soloists. They develop
knowledge of classical, opera and ballet repertoire, and may undertake
additional training at music schools overseas.

Music Critic

A music critic is employed by media publishers to report on the performing
arts. Local areas usually have part-time critics who report regularly on
performances and visiting artists in the local media.


A musicologist interprets musical history and style. They generally work as


An ethnomusicologist studies music in its cultural context and seeks to
understand the relationship between musical cultures. They may work as
composers, performers, lecturers or researchers. They usually work within an
academic institution such as a university, exploring, studying, researching
and writing scholarly articles on music and musicians. Fieldwork in various
regions of the world may be required, where they record music from a
particular area, ethnic group or performing group.

Jazz Musician

A jazz musician often recognised for their superior skills in improvisation.
Their ensemble skills are similar to those required in chamber groups.


A vocalist may work solo, with an accompanist or with bands, ensembles,
orchestras or in concert opera. Work can be on a casual or permanent basis.
Vocalists develop a repertoire and many specialise in a particular style or
work on stage, radio and television. They may entertain as soloists, perform
in a group or play an instrument. Vocalists need to train and develop their
voice and capacity to sing, as well as develop presentation and performance
skills. They need to understand music and be able to work with bands and

Performing Musician/Instrumentalist

A performing musician/instrumentalist may play one or more instruments in
recital performances. This may be in accompaniment only, or as a member of an
orchestra, band or other musical group, including chamber ensembles. Musicians
spend a number of hours each day in private practice to prepare music for
rehearsals and performance. They may record backing tracks and programme
electronic devices to be used in performance. Musicians may need to listen to
and analyse music in either written or recorded form to build their
repertoire. They also need to maintain and prepare their instruments for peak
performance. They may compose and write music and lyrics, or combine and/or
arrange music across a number of musical styles, including classical, pop,
jazz, folk, country, show music and various forms of dance music.

  • 接下来的5年内,即截止到2019年11月,专业音乐人的职位空缺数量预计将会低于平均水平,处于5001-10000之间。职位空缺包括就业增长和人员流动(人员流动指的是工人的换岗或者离职)。

  • 在过去5年里,该职业就业情况增长强劲(按百分比算),但是从长期来看(10年)该职业就业情况只是温和增长。预计到2019年11月,专业音乐人职业就业情况将会小幅增长。

  • 这是一个需求量一般的职业(2014年11月的需求量为14000个),表明该职业在部分地区就业机会有限。

  • 专业音乐人中全职工作者比例较低,仅占37.3%。全职专业音乐人,平均每周工作39.5小时(所有职位平均每周40.9小时),收入等于所有职业平均收入,通常是6个数。此外,专业音乐人失业率等于所有职业平均失业率。

  • 专业音乐人教育水平普遍是12年,其中约占30.4%。

  • 专业音乐人主要从事艺术与娱乐服务、教育与培训、信息传媒与电信。

  • Over the five years to November 2019, the number of job openings for Music Professionals is expected to be below average (between 5,001 and 10,000). Job openings count both employment growth and turnover (defined as workers leaving their occupation for other employment or leaving the workforce). Further information about job openings and projected employment growth is available on the Help page.
  • Employment for this occupation rose very strongly (in percentage terms) in the past five years and rose moderately in the long-term (ten years). Looking forward, employment for Music Professionals to November 2019 is expected to grow moderately.
  • This is a medium sized occupation (14,000 in November 2014) suggesting that opportunities may be limited in some regions.
  • Music Professionals have a relatively low proportion of full-time jobs (37.3 per cent). For Music Professionals working full-time, average weekly hours are 39.5 (compared to 40.9 for all occupations) and earnings are average - in the sixth decile. Unemployment for Music Professionals is average.
  • The most common level of educational attainment for Music Professionals is Year 12 (30.4 per cent).
  • Music Professionals are mainly employed in Arts and Recreation Services, Education and Training and Information Media and Telecommunications.

Key Indicators

Key Indicators graph - see table below for a summary

These data show 9 key indicators for this occupation - employment size, full-time share of employment, earnings, unemployment, historical employment growth (long-term, medium term and short-term), future employment growth, mix of industries and job openings. Estimates have been rounded and consequently some discrepancies may occur between sums of the component items and totals.

2112 Job Prospects

2112 职业统计数据 Statistics

  • 周薪(税前)Weekly Earnings (before tax)

周薪(税前)Weekly Earnings (before tax)

  • 就业水平 Employment Level (thousands)

就业水平 Employment Level (thousands)

  • 增长比例 Recent Job Growth (per cent)

增长比例 Recent Job Growth (per cent)

  • 按性别计算就业增长 Employment Growth by Gender (thousands)

按性别计算就业增长 Employment Growth by Gender (thousands)

  • 性别比例 Gender (per cent share)

性别比例 Gender (per cent share)

  • 周工作小时数 Weekly Hours Worked

周工作小时数 Weekly Hours Worked

  • 年龄 Age Profile (per cent share)

年龄 Age Profile (per cent share)

  • 各州就业比例 Employment by State and Territory (per cent share)

各州就业比例 Employment by State and Territory (per cent share)

  • 所在行业 Main Employing Industries (per cent share)

所在行业 Main Employing Industries (per cent share)

  • 教育程度 Educational Attainment (per cent of employment)

教育程度 Educational Attainment (per cent of employment)

2112 职业找工作信息


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