When a person makes false statements, submits false information, submits false or altered documents, or withholds information relevant to their application to CIC. This is a crime. Documents can include:
- Passports and travel documents;
- Diplomas, degrees, and apprenticeship or trade papers;
- Birth, marriage, final divorce, annulment, separation or death certificates;
- Police certificates.
Lying on an application or in an interview with a CIC officer is also an offence under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act and the Citizenship Act.
Misrepresentation bars a person from being granted Canadian citizenship for a period of 5 years.
If misrepresentation is found to have occurred after someone becomes a citizen, this can result in the revocation of their citizenship and this individual must wait ten years before they can be granted citizenship again.