Designated Area Migration Agreement (DAMA) 澳洲指定区域移民协议

Designated Area Migration Agreement (DAMA)


  1. 定义:DAMA是澳洲政府和各州/领地的偏远地区签订的一项正式协议。相比常规技术移民项目,DAMA可以为更多的海外工作者提供申请机会。签订DAMA协议的各区域在基于协议的框架下运作,能更灵活的根据当地的经济和劳动力市场状况做出调整。

  2. 双层框架:DAMA是针对特定偏远地区的,分为两个层面:

  • 第一层是与区域代表签订的共5年的协议(总协议);

  • 第二层是在该区域总协议的前提下,个人与雇主签订的劳动协议。

  1. DAMA劳动协议:是澳洲政府与在相关区域内经营并获得许可的雇主签订的,有效期5年,适用于Temporary Skills Shortage (TSS)和Employer Nominated Scheme (ENS)签证。

  2. 雇主:在提交劳动协议申请前,雇主必须获得指定区域代表(DRA)的认可。

The Designated Area Representative (DAR) is the signatory to the DAMA and is responsible for overseeing the Agreement, including endorsing employers seeking to access overseas workers through the DAMA.

  1. 雇佣:在DAMA框架下,指定区域内的雇主在面临技术和劳动力短缺的情况下,可以担保技术或者半技术的海外工人。个人不能直接申请DAMA,而是要通过如下条件获得担保:
  • 提供担保的雇主要在指定区域内经营;

  • 提名职业需要是总协议上列明的。

  1. 优先:DAMA确保雇主优先录用澳洲公民和永久居民。申请DAMA前,雇主必须证明真正尝试过招募澳大利亚本地人。

  2. 已签订DAMA协议的区域:

Designated area migration agreements

A Designated Area Migration Agreement (DAMA) is a formal agreement between the Australian Government and a regional, state or territory authority. It provides access to more overseas workers than the standard skilled migration program. DAMAs operate under an agreement-based framework, providing flexibility for regions to respond to their unique economic and labour market conditions.

A DAMA is a two-tier framework covering a defined regional area. The first tier is an overarching five-year deed of agreement (head agreement) with the region’s representative. The second tier comprises individual labour agreements with employers under the settings of the head agreement for that region.

DAMA labour agreements are between the Australian Government and endorsed employers operating within the relevant region. They are:

  • generally in effect for five years and
  • use the Temporary Skills Shortage (TSS) and Employer Nominated Scheme (ENS) visa programs.

Employers must seek and gain endorsement from the Designated Area Representative before lodging a labour agreement request.

Under the DAMA framework, employers in designated areas experiencing skills and labour shortages can sponsor skilled and semi-skilled overseas workers. Individuals cannot directly access a DAMA. Individuals need to be sponsored:

  • by an employer operating in a designated region
  • for an occupation that is specified in the head agreement.

DAMAs ensure employers recruit Australian citizens and permanent residents as a first priority. Among other things, employers must demonstrate a genuine attempt to recruit Australians prior to getting access to a DAMA.

If your region is interested in a DAMA, email[email protected]

For information about labour agreements or other options for regional areas, the following resources are available:

We currently have seven DAMAs in place: