- 简易程序治罪 — 轻微罪行。最高刑罚通常是 5,000 美元和/或六个月监禁。
- 可公诉罪行 — 严重罪行。包括盗窃超5000美元、 入室犯罪，性侵犯和谋杀。
An offence is any violation of a Canadian law or act, whether or not it occurs in Canada. It can include anything from trespassing or damaging property to immigration fraud or violent crime. There are two main types:
- Summary offences — These are less serious. The maximum penalty for a summary offence is usually a $5,000 fine and/or six months in jail.
- Indictable offences — These are more serious and include theft over $5,000, break and enter, aggravated sexual assault and murder. Maximum penalties vary and include life in prison. Some have minimum penalties.