安大略省营养师学院-ON-CDO (The College of Dietitians of Ontario)


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##关于安大略省营养师学院 About CDO 飞出国##
安大略省营养师学院通过制定和执行健康、符合伦理和合格的饮食操作标准,为本省居民服务。该学院还从属于社区的监管机构和其他从事维护公众利益的机构。

The College of Dietitians of Ontario works for the people of Ontario by setting and enforcing standards for safe, ethical and competent dietetic practice in Ontario. It also belongs to a community of regulatory and other organizations working in the interest of the public.

http://www.collegeofdietitians.org/Web/Become-Dietitian.aspx

提出申请APPLY TO THE COLLEGE 飞出国##

根据注册卫生职业法规,安大略省营养师学院有法定义务只注册合格的人员在安大略省从事营养学工作。
所有的申请人必须达到加拿大的理论和实践培训的高标准要求,才能在安大略省从事营养师的工作。点击这里就可以查看关于如何达到从业要求的信息。
如果有特殊的食宿需要,请查看学院可访问性政策。

The College of Dietitians of Ontario has the legal responsibility under the Registered Health Professions Act to register only qualified people to practice Dietetics in Ontario.
All applicants must meet the high Canadian standards for academic and practical training in order to practice as a dietitian in Ontario. Click here for detailed information about the requirements and how they can be met.

For special needs accommodation, see the College’s Accessibility Policy.

一般注册证书

满足注册的所有要求后,申请人可获得安大略省营养师学院的普通注册证书。

General Certificate of Registration

An applicant who has met all the requirements for registration will receive a General Certificate of Registration with the College of Dietitians of Ontario.

临时注册证书

如果申请人除了还未参加加拿大营养注册考试,但已经满足了所有的其他的要求,则申请人如果满足了以下条件,就具备了获得临时注册证书的资格:

  • 申请人之前未获得过临时注册证书;
  • 申请人的注册考试之前没有挂科;
  • 申请人已经申请下一次注册考试,或已经参加了考试正在等待考试结果。

申请人参加考试后的10周之后,可获得临时证书。如果考试失败,则该取消证书资格。

持有临时证书的人员可使用“注册营养师”的称号执业,但是不能监管其他营养师。

Temporary Certificate of Registration

An applicant who has not yet written the Canadian Dietetic Registration Examination and has met all other requirements may be eligible to receive a Temporary Certificate of Registration if the following conditions are met:

  • The applicant has not previously held a Temporary Certificate of Registration;
  • The applicant has not previously failed the Registration Exam;
  • The applicant has applied to write the next available Registration Exam or has written the examination and is waiting for the results.

A Temporary Certificate is issued for up to ten weeks after an applicant has written the examination. It is immediately revoked if the applicant fails the exam.

An individual holding a Temporary Certificate may practise using the title “Registered Dietitian” but may not supervise another dietitian.

加拿大营养注册考试 Canadian Dietetic Registration Examination (CDRE)

考试在2015年11月举行,CDRE费用将增至 $440.00。

Beginning November 2015 exam, the CDRE fees will increase to $440.00

http://www.collegeofdietitians.org/Resources/Registration/Registration-Requirements/Overview-of-Registration-Requirements.aspx

注册要求 Registration Requirements 飞出国##

要求1 - 注认证学历准备 Requirement 1 - Accredited Academic Preparation###

申请人必须从以下学校毕业

  • 由加拿大营养师认证的加拿大关于食品和营养的大学课程;

或同等学历

  • 和认证的关于营养和饮食的大学课程同等学历的加拿大大学课程。

The applicant must have graduated from one of the following:

  • A Canadian university program in foods and nutrition that is accredited by Dietitians of Canada;

Or equivalent

  • A Canadian university program with completed subject areas assessed as equivalent to an accredited university program in foods and nutrition.

###申请人如何证明满足要求1 How Applicant Demonstrates Meeting the Requirement 1 飞出国###

完成由加拿大营养师或负责营养和营养学教育的教育认证委员会认证的食品&营养课程。

Completion of a Foods & Nutrition program accredited by Dietitians of Canada or the Accreditation Council for Education in Nutrition and Dietetics

或同等学历

如果从未经加拿大营养师认证的食品&营养课程,请提交所有的大学课程的正式的成绩单和课程大纲,并填写一份教育总结表格。营养师学院会对您的课程内容进行评估,已确保学分真正符合以下要求:

  • 人文/社会科学(12学分)
  • 支持科学(12学分:生物化学3学分和生理学3学分,高级社会科学3学分,统计学和计算机3学分)
  • 自然科学(9学分:高级营养学3学分,临床营养学3学分和社区营养学3学分)
  • 专业课程(18学分:基础食品学3学分,高级食品学3学分,管理学基本原理3学分和通信艺术基本原理3学分,以及6分来自基础人类营养学)
  • 人类营养学(9学分:高级营养学3分,临床营养学3分,社区营养学3分)
  • 食品服务系统管理(3学分:食品服务系统组织和管理3学分,食品数量生产管理3学分,食品服务设备3学分,成本控制&会计和人事3学分)

该学院也会考虑是否是由公平系统授予的,或经过了学习评估手续,只要学分是在认证的大学获得,并记录在成绩单里。另外,该学院也会考虑申请人所在大学教授的课程内容是否符合规定的内容。该学院必须要收到大学的证明信,确认申请人的课程内容,并且证明课程的发展,教学和评估。

Or equivalent

If you graduated from a Foods & Nutrition program that is not accredited by Dietitians of Canada, you must submit official transcripts and provide course syllabus/descriptions for all university course, and fill out an Education Summary Form. The College will assess the content of your courses to make sure that the credits substantially match the following:

  • Humanities/Social Sciences (12 credits)
  • Supporting Sciences (12 Credits: 9 total in Biochemistry and Physiology and 3 total in Advanced Social Science, Statistics and Computers)
  • Natural Sciences (9 Credits: 3 each in General Chemistry, Organic Chemistry and Microbiology)
  • Professional Subjects (18 Credits: 3 each in Basic Foods, Advanced Foods, Basic Principles of Management and Communications Arts and 6 in Basic Human Nutrition)
  • Human Nutrition (9 Credits: 3 each in Advanced, Clinical and Community Nutrition)
  • Food Service Systems Management (9 Credits: Foodservice systems organizations and Management, Quantity Food Production Management, Foodservice Facilities, Cost Control & Accounting and Personnel)

The College will also consider credits that were awarded through a Challenge system or Prior Learning Assessment process, as long as the credits appear on the transcript from a recognized university. In addition, the College may consider course content for courses you have taught at the university level which covers the required content. The College must receive a letter from the university which confirms the course content and verifies that you were responsible for the development, teaching and evaluation of the course.

要求2 - 实习培训 Practical training 飞出国###

申请人必须成功完成以下内容:

  • 完成有加拿大营养师认证的加拿大的实习课程或实习项目;

或同等的实习课程

  • 成功拿到学院协会接受的学位
  • 成功完成实习过程中的所有课程,根据学院协会的标准,要和1或2的实习课程是同等学历。

The applicant must have successfully completed one of the following:

  • An internship program or practicum in Canada that is accredited by Dietitians of Canada;

Or equivalent

  • Successful completion of a graduate degree acceptable to the College Council; or
  • Successful completion of a program of practical experience that, in the opinion of Council, is equivalent to a program or practicum in 1 or 2.

###申请人如何证明满足要求2 How Applicant Demonstrates Meeting the Requirement 2 飞出国###

完成经由加拿大营养师或营养和饮食学教育的认证委员会认证的实习课程或毕业课程实习。

或同等学历

  • 如果你完成的实习培训课程未经ACEND或加拿大营养师认证,则该课程就要由学院的注册协会来评估,判断其是否符合认证课程的标准。您必须要把课程相关的信息发送给学院:
  • 课程的学时
  • 经验的类型
  • 评估的程序
  • 监管和评估学生(例如他们是否是注册营养师)
  • 使用什么样的标准和达到什么样的技能
  • 制定和指导课程

  • 已经完成实习培训并且符合实践标准的申请人,学习的是非正式的结构课程的话,必须提交一份说明,供注册协会进行审查。(独立的实习)

如果您打算完成独立实习的话,请认真阅读独立实习指南。如果您读完之后有任何的疑问,请联系 Heena Vyas,注册项目协调员,预约并谈论具体问题。

Completion of an Internship program or a graduate program practicum that is accredited by Dietitians of Canada or the Accreditation Council for Education in Nutrition and Dietetics

Or equivalent

  • If you completed a practicum or practical training (internship) program that was not accredited by ACEND or by Dietitians of Canada, the program will be evaluated by the College Registration Committee to determine whether it is equivalent to an accredited program. You must have the program send information to the College about:
    • the length of the program;
    • the types of experiences;
    • the evaluation process;
    • who - supervises and evaluates the students (i.e. are they registered dietitians);
    • what standards or competencies are used to
    • develop or guide the program.

OR

  • Applicants who have completed practical training to meet the entry to practice standards, outside of a formal, structured program, must submit a portfolio for review by the Registration Committee. (Independent Practicum)

If you intend to complete an Independent Practicum, please
review the Independent Practicum guide. If you have any
questions after you have reviewed the guide, please
contact Heena Vyas, Registration Program Coordinator to
book an appointment to discuss your specific questions

要求3 - 英语或法语的语言技能 Language Proficiency in English or French

申请人如何证明满足要求3 How Applicant Demonstrates Meeting the Requirement 3

所有的申请人必须证明其具备英语的读、写、说、理解等能力。

如果您的教学语言非英语或法语,则必须要通过语言测试。

营养师学院接受以下的语言测试机构:

  1. 托福-英语作为外语的考试
  2. CanTest测试法语熟练程度

该学院也接受完成国际受训营养师注册前课程-Ryerson University能满足该要求。

All applicants must demonstrate ability to read, write, speak and understand English or French.

You are required to complete a language test if your language of instruction was not English or French.

The following language testing agencies are accepted by the College:

  1. TOEFL – Test of English as a Foreign Language.
    http://www.ets.org/toefl

  2. CanTest for French Proficiency.
    http://www.cantest.uottawa.ca/

The College also accepts completion of the Internationally Educated Dietitians Pre-registration Program - Ryerson University to satisfy this requirement.

可接受的最低分数如下:

  1. 托福
    构成-最低分数
  • 听力15分
  • 写作13分
  • 阅读15分
  • 口语26分
  • 总分80分
  1. CanTEST测试法语熟练程度
  • 听力和阅读4.5分
  • 写作4.0分
  • 确认口语能力的面试4.5分

Minimum Acceptable Scores Are As Follows:

1.Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL).

Component - Minimum Score

  • Listening 15
  • Writing 13
  • Reading 15
  • Speaking 26
  • Total 80

2.CanTEST for French Proficieny

  • Score of 4.5 in Listening and Reading and
  • Score of Band 4.0 in Writing and
  • Score of 4.5 in an internview test which confirms speaking performance

要求4 - 良好的道德品行 Good Character and Good Conduct 飞出国###

###申请人如何证明满足要求4 How Applicant Demonstrates Meeting the Requirement 4 ###

该学院会核查,申请人是否之前在其他省份的饮食工作,独立实践或受监管的实践工作中,有无犯罪记录,职业中的不良行为,不称职行为等。申请人过去的行为不危害安大略省的公民则满足该学院的要求。

该学院还会调查申请人的犯罪记录,以确保申请人没有犯罪记录,适合从事饮食工作,并能受安大略省营养师学院的监管。

如果有任何关于如何定性良好道德品行或道德和能力实习记录的疑问,请联系营养师学院。

The College will verify that an applicant has not been the subject of an investigation or that they have not been found guilty of professional misconduct, incompetence or incapacity in any past dietetic employment, private practice or regulated practice in other jurisdictions. The College must be satisfied that past conduct will not put the people of Ontario at risk. Good Character and Good Conduct

The College will look into criminal and other offences to ensure that an applicant has not been found guilty of an offence which would indicate that they are unsuitable to practice dietetics and to be governed by the College of Dietitians of Ontario.

Please contact the College if you have any questions about how good character or a record of ethical and competent practice is determined.

要求5 - 当前的营养知识和技能 Current Dietetic Knowledge and Competence 飞出国###

###申请人如何证明满足要求5 How Applicant Demonstrates Meeting the Requirement 5 ###

申请人可采用以下的方法证明当前的知识和技能

  1. 在申请营养师学院之前的三年内,完成教育和培训
  2. 在其他省份注册了营养师,并且在该省份安全地从事了该行业了3年(申请学院之前的3年内)
  3. 如果自从完成了教育和培训的时间,或在其他省份从事营养师工作的时间超过了3年,则需要通过加拿大营养注册考试(该情况仅适用于毕业或从事该行业的时间再3-10年的时间段内)。
  4. 在国家技能标准的指导下,完成升级活动。

There are several options for applicants to demonstrate current knowledge and competence:

  1. Completing your education and training within the 3 years before applying to the College; or
  2. If you have been registered as a dietitian in another jurisdiction and you have practiced safely in that
    jurisdiction within the past three years or
  3. Completing the Canadian Dietetic Registration Examination, if it has been more than three years since
    you completed your education and training, or since you have practiced as a dietitian in another jurisdiction (this option is only available if the gap since you graduated or have practiced is between 3-10 years), or
  4. Competing upgrading activities guided by the national competency standards (click here for more information)

要求6 – 具备在加拿大工作的资格 Eligible to work in Canada 飞出国###

###申请人如何证明满足要求6 How Applicant Demonstrates Meeting the Requirement 6 ###

非加拿大公民或永久居民的申请人,必须提供根据加拿大移民法获得在加拿大工作授权的证明。

Applicants who are not Canadian citizens or permanent residents must provide proof that they are authorized under the Immigration Act to work in Canada.

要求7 - 加拿大营养注册考试 Canadian Dietetic Registration Examination (Registration Exam) 飞出国###

###申请人如何证明满足要求7 How Applicant Demonstrates Meeting the Requirement 7 ###

申请人必须通过加拿大营养注册考试,或自1998年10月持续在加拿大营养监管机构进行注册。

The applicant must pass the Canadian Dietetic Registration Examination or have been registered with a Canadian dietetic regulatory body continuously since October 1998.

http://www.collegeofdietitians.org/Web/Apply-to-the-College/Internationally-Educated-Applicants.aspx

国际教育申请人 INTERNATIONALLY EDUCATED APPLICANTS 飞出国##

注意:从右侧的申请资源列表中获得所有的表格和附加信息表。

申请营养师学院一共有六个步骤:

除了参加CDRE考试,所有的申请步骤可以在加拿大境外完成。必须在加拿大参加CDRE,不过如果美国或澳洲也有该考试安排的话,也可在这两个国家参加考试。

第一步

在申请安大略省营养师学院的注册之前,您必须通过World Education Service (WES)在北美境外获得一定学历。该机构(WES)会将您的学历和加拿大的学历进行对比评价(例如,本科,硕士,博士学历)。

第二步
下载并加查申请清单,确认您要收集的资料。

第三步

下载且一并提交填完的表格和清单要求的所有的材料。如果您在获取申请所需要的资料时有任何困难,请联系营养师学院寻求帮助。

第四步

根据申请表里面的说明支付申请费用。

第五步

一旦连同所有规定的材料提交了您的申请表格,无论您是否满足注册要求,营养师学院都会评估您的申请材料。

Note: Access all forms and additional information from the Application Resources menu to the right.
There are six steps for applying to the College:

With the exception of writing the CDRE, all steps in the application process may be completed from outside of Canada. The CDRE is typically written within Canada, however arrangements may be available to write the CDRE in the United States or Australia.

Step 1

Before applying to the College of Dietitians of Ontario for registration, you must first have any degree(s) you received outside of North America assessed through the World Education Service (WES). This service will evaluate the level of the degree compared to Canadian degrees (e.g. Bachelor, Masters, Doctoral level).

Step 2

Download and review the application checklist to identify the documents you will need to gather

Step 3

Download and submit the completed application form along with all required documents identified in the checklist. Please contact the College for assistance, if you are having difficulty accessing documents required for your application.

Step 4

Pay the application fees according to the instructions on the application form.

Step 5

Once you have submitted your application form with all the required documents, the College will assess s whether you meet the registration requirements.

如果您满足注册要求

如果您满足了营养师学院的注册要求,则您也就具备了参加加拿大营养注册考试(CDRE)的资格。如果您之前已经在监管机构注册过了,您就可以获得普通注册证书。

如果您不满足注册要求

如果营养师学院的评估结果是您未能满足某个或多个注册要求,您会收到如何减小差距的说明。

如果申请失败了,不满足学院的评估结果,可以在健康专业上诉和复议委员会之前请求复议或听证。尽管委员会不能忽视或更改注册要求,但是它能要求注册协会重审协会出错的地方或操作不当的地方。

If you meet the requirements

If you meet the registration requirements of the College, you will be deemed eligible to write the Canadian Dietetic Registration Examination (CDRE). If you have previously been registered with a regulatory body and passed the CDRE, you will be offered a General Certificate of Registration.

If you do not meet the requirements

If the College assesses that you do not fully meet one or more of the registration requirements, you will receive directions about how to fill the gaps.

If your application is unsuccessful and you are not satisfied with the College assessment, you can request a review or a hearing before the Health Professions Appeal and Review Board. While the Board cannot ignore or alter the registration requirements, it can ask the Registration Committee to reconsider a matter where the Committee made a mistake or otherwise acted unreasonably.

第六步

参加加拿大营养注册考试Canadian Dietetic Registration Examination (CDRE)。该考试每年举行两次,分别在五月份和十一月份。如果申请人符合参加考试的资格,则他们也就有资格获得临时注册证书。

Step 6

Write the Canadian Dietetic Registration Examination (CDRE). The CDRE is written twice each year, in May or November. Once an applicant is deemed eligible to write the exam, they are also eligible for a Temporary Certificate of Registration.

For further assistance contact: [email protected]

http://www.collegeofdietitians.org/Web/Apply-to-the-College/Certificates-of-Registration.aspx

注册证书 CERTIFICATES OF REGISTRATION 飞出国##

###一般注册证书 General Certificate of Registration ###

营养师学院会注册在加拿大或其他省份受训过的合格的申请人。所有的申请人必须经过认证的理论和实际的培训课程,或同等学历的课程。

加拿大营养注册考试是有效的能力实践。当考生收到营养师学院颁发的注册证书,这就意味着他们满足了在安大略省从业的所有的理论和实践的培训要求。

  1. 在认证的加拿大大学学习关于食品&营养或同等学历的理论课程
  2. 在加拿大认证的实践课程学习实际培训
  3. 英语或法语的语言能力
  4. 道德和能力实践的记录
  5. 当前的营养学知识和能力
  6. 在加拿大的工作资格
  7. 通过加拿大营养注册考试

The College registers qualified applicants that have been trained both in Canada and in other jurisdictions. All candidates must complete an accredited program of academic and practical training or the equivalent

The Canadian Dietetic Registration Examination is a validation of competence to practice. When candidates receive a Certificate of Registration with the College, it means that they have met all the academic and practical training requirements to practice in Ontario.

  1. Academic Preparation from an accredited Canadian university program in foods & nutrition or equivalent
  2. Practical Training in an accredited practical program in Canada or equivalent
  3. Language Proficiency in English or French
  4. Record of Ethical and Competent Practice
  5. Good Character and Good Conduct
  6. Current Dietetic Knowledge and Competence
  7. Eligible to Work in Canada
  8. Pass the Canadian Dietetic Registration Examination (Registration Exam)

###临时注册证书 Temporary Certificate of Registration ###

临时注册证书是向以下符合条件的申请人颁发的:满足担任营养师的所有的学历和标准要求,和申请了参加下一次加拿大营养注册考试Canadian Dietetic Registration Examination或已经参加了考试正等待考试结果的申请人。

申请人参加考试后的十周后就会或的临时证书。如果申请人未能通过考试,则该证书就会被收回。持有临时注册证书的人员能够使用“注册营养师”的称号从业,但是不能监管其他的营养师。

如果还未参加加拿大营养注册考试Canadian Dietetic Registration Examination的申请人满足了以上前七条要求,则申请人满足以下条件后,就有资格获得临时注册证书:

  • 申请人之前未获得过临时注册证书
  • 申请人之前的注册考试为挂科
  • 申请人已经申请参加下一次的注册考试,或参加了考试,正在等待考试结果。

A Temporary Certificate of Registration is issued to applicants who have met all the qualifications and criteria to practice as a dietitian and have applied to write the next available Canadian Dietetic Registration Examination or have written the examination and are waiting for their results.

A Temporary Certificate is issued for up to ten weeks after an applicant has written the examination. It is immediately revoked if the applicant fails the exam. An individual holding a Temporary Certificate of Registration may practise using the title “Registered Dietitian” but may not supervise another dietitian.

An applicant who has not yet written the Canadian Dietetic Registration Examination and has met the first seven requirements listed above may be eligible to receive a Temporary Certificate of Registration if the following conditions are met:

  • The applicant has not previously held a Temporary Certificate of Registration;
  • The applicant has not previously failed the registration exam;
  • The applicant has applied to write the next available Registration Exam or has written the examination and is waiting for the results.

http://www.collegeofdietitians.org/Web/Apply-to-the-College/Professional-Corporations.aspx

私人公司 PROFESSIONAL CORPORATIONS 飞出国##

对营养师专业专业公司有限制性条件。这些规定的目的就是为了使营养师避免向客户承担职业责任,并减少安大略省营养师学院的职业责任。商业公司法,监管卫生行业法和学院的章程4都贵这些限制性条件作出了规定,包括:

  1. 卫生行业公司在经营职业活动之前,必须获得安大略省营养师学院颁发的授权证书。该文件的主要目的就是确保学院了解专业公司的股东,股东能负责公司的专业活动。第二个目的就是要确保专业公司已经满足了所有的要求和限制条件(省政府已经把该责任授权给了营养师学院)。
  2. 专业公司的所有的股东必须是同所学院的成员。例如,营养师和理疗师不能使同个专业公司的股东。该项条件有效的排除了大部分的营养师的家人因收入出现分歧的可能性。
  3. 董事和主管。董事和主管持有专业公司的全部股份。这就意味着他们是同所学院的成员。
  4. 专业公司的命名必须包括至少一位股东的名字,必须叫"专业公司",且必须包括职业代码(例如)e.g., dietetics,且不能包括其他的成分。禁止使用公司编号(例如1234567 安大略省公司)。减少灵活性能确保病人和监管机构知道他们正在和谁打交道。
  5. 专业的公司不能逃避对客户的责任,或者任何大众的责任。一项具体的的规定要求对客户或大众的责任高于对公司忠诚的任何责任。此外,股东要承担对公司客户的任何职业的疏忽责任。
  6. 同样,专业公司不能逃避对安大略省营养师学院的责任。再次,明确规定要求营养师优先承担对学院的责任。
  7. 公司只能在职业范围内从事相关工作,或提供“辅助”服务。例如,向顾客卖相关产品(服务于任何利益冲突)和盈余收入投资就是辅助性服务。买房地产或人寿保险就不是辅助性的服务。

There are restrictions on professional corporations for dietitians. The purpose of these rules is to prevent dietitians from avoiding their professional responsibilities to their clients and from circumventing their professional obligations to the College of Dietitians of Ontario. These restrictions, found in the Business Corporations Act, the Regulated Health Professions Act, and College By-Law 4, include:

  1. A Certificate of Authorization must be obtained from the College of Dietitians of Ontario before a health professional corporation can practise a profession. The primary purpose of this document is to ensure that the shareholders of the professional corporation are known to the College and are accountable for the professional actions of the corporation. A second purpose is to ensure that the requirements and restrictions on the professional corporation have been met (the provincial government has downloaded this responsibility to the Colleges).
  2. All shareholders of the professional corporation must be members of the same College. For example, a dietitian and a physiotherapist could not be shareholders of the same professional corporation. This restriction effectively eliminates the possibility of income splitting with family members for most dietitians.
  3. Officers and Directors. Officers and directors must all be shareholders of the professional corporation. That means that they will all be members of the same College.
  4. The name of the professional corporation must contain the name of at least one shareholder, must say “professional corporation”, must include a reference to the profession (e.g., dietetics) and must contain nothing else. Numbered corporations (e.g., 1234567 Ontario Ltd.) are not permitted. This lack of flexibility ensures that patients and regulators know with whom they are dealing.
  5. The professional corporation cannot be used to avoid a duty to a client or even to a member of the public who is not a patient. A specific provision requires that this duty to patients or the public override any competing duty of loyalty to the corporation. In addition, shareholders can be sued for any professional negligence or liability they may have to the patients of the corporation.
  6. Similarly, the professional corporation cannot be used to avoid a duty to the College of Dietitians of Ontario. Again, a specific provision requires that a dietitian’s duty to the College take precedence.
  7. The corporation can only practise within the scope of the profession or provide “ancillary” services. For example, selling related products to clients (subject to any conflict of interest concerns) is probably ancillary. Investing surplus income is generally ancillary. Selling real estate or life insurance is probably not ancillary.
    官网: http://www.collegeofdietitians.org/

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