233211A 职业全职与兼职从业者税前周薪比较（Income Based On Employment Status Per Week - Before tax）
What’s it like to be a Civil Engineer?
Civil engineers plan, design, construct, operate and maintain roads, bridges,
dams, water supply schemes, sewerage systems, transportation systems,
harbours, canals, dockyards, airports, railways, factories and large
Civil engineers may work in offices or on site. They may be required to work
long hours and meet strict deadlines while working under minimal supervision.
Civil engineers deal with various professional, skilled and semi-skilled
Consulting and contracting engineers often travel interstate, and some travel
overseas. It may be necessary for some civil engineers to change residence
every few years as their work takes them from one major engineering site to
How much can I expect to earn?
Full-time employed Civil Engineer earn an average of $1932 per week. The
[average annual salary for this job is $100464 excluding super.]
- able to identify, analyse and solve problems
- good oral and written communication skills
- aptitude for computing and design
- practical and creative
- able to work without supervision
- able to work as part of a team
- able to accept responsibility
- willing to contribute and adhere to the safety requirements of the operation.
This job also involves:
Good vision for detail
These jobs require you to be able to see clearly to examine items close-up. It
covers jobs where poor vision e.g. tunnel vision, could make the work place
unsafe or the job difficult to undertake, e.g. draftsperson working with
detailed drawings; checkout operator reading dockets; work requiring good
hand-eye co-ordination for working with precision or semi-precision tools.
Reading or writing
These jobs require moderate or better reading and writing skills. Workers may
be expected to prepare, understand or act on written materials, such as
letters or reports. People may wish to avoid these jobs if their reading or
writing English skills are limited to a small range of words or phrases and
symbols. Jobs remaining may still require very basic reading or writing
This occupation offers jobs at the following skill levels:
Jobs in this group usually require completion of a recognised Bachelor Degree,
or extensive relevant experience. Some jobs also require post-graduate study,
such as a Graduate Certificate, Graduate Diploma or Master Degree.
At school, you can study these subject(s) to get a good foundation for this
School subjects that include some aspect of geography provide a useful
background to these jobs. In some cases a geography-related subject is a pre-
requisite for entry to courses that provide the training for the job.
School subjects that include some aspect of INDUSTRIAL ARTS provide a useful
background to these jobs. In some cases an industrial arts-related subject is
a pre-requisite for entry to courses that provide the training for the job.
School subjects that include some aspect of MATHEMATICS provide a useful
background to these jobs. In some cases a mathematics-related subject is a
pre-requisite for entry to courses that provide the training for the job.
School subjects that include some aspect of PHYSICS provide a useful
background to these jobs. In some cases a physics-related subject is a pre-
requisite for entry to courses that provide the training for the job.
Duties and tasks of a Civil Engineer
Civil engineers may perform the following tasks:
- investigate sites to determine the most suitable foundation for a proposed construction
- research and advise on the best engineering solution to meet a client’s needs and budget
- prepare engineering calculations required for the design of projects, and supervise the drafting of plans
- produce detailed designs and documentation for the construction and implementation of civil engineering projects
- organise the delivery of materials, plant machinery and equipment needed for the construction project and supervise labour
- develop detailed programmes for the coordination of site activities
- work with other engineers, architects, landscape architects and environmental scientists
- assist government bodies in preparing yearly works programmes (such as work on car parks, drainage, roads, aerodromes or sewerage systems) within set budgets
- operate computers to assist with the design of civil engineering projects
- coordinate and direct research, development and testing of materials, processes or systems related to civil engineering works
- research, advise on and plan the control and minimisation of air, water and solid waste pollution, and the management of water resources
- supervise the testing and commissioning of completed works
- analyse and interpret reports on loading, labour, productivity, quality, materials and performance
- analyse risks associated with natural disasters (including cyclones, earthquakes, fires and floods), and design structures and services to meet appropriate standards
- arrange for geological and geophysical investigations and carry out feasibility studies.
Hydraulic/Water Resources Engineer
A hydraulic/water resources engineer designs and supervises construction and
advises on the operation, maintenance and repair of water resource facilities
such as dams, aqueducts, hydro-electric plants, and water supply, drainage and
A highway engineer specialises in analysing population and growth statistics,
traffic patterns and volume to project future requirements. Duties may include
designing efficient and safe traffic systems, studying roadway and embankment
design, reviewing the geometry of highway interchanges and maintaining
facilities such as culverts and overpasses.
A structural engineer designs the frameworks of buildings, towers, bridges,
water treatment facilities, tunnels and other structures to ensure strength
An irrigation/drainage engineer uses tests and measurements to analyse the
characteristics of soil, such as salinity, water table level, areas of below-
average plant growth, soil type and surface profile.
A pipeline engineer specialises in preparing design proposals for pipelines
and pipeline equipment, facilities and structures in consultation with
petroleum and mechanical engineers.
A harbour engineer designs and supervises the construction of harbour
facilities such as breakwaters, navigation aids, navigation channels, jetties,
wharves, heavy-duty pavement surfaces, cargo sheds, and bulk handling plants
for grain, ore and other cargo.
Materials and Testing Engineer
A materials and testing engineer conducts research, development, testing and
evaluation of the quality or suitability of materials and products such as
asphalt, concrete, steel, cement, timber and plastics, taking into account
factors such as stresses and strains, estimated load, water pressures, wind
resistance and temperature fluctuations related to projects.
A railway engineer studies design proposals and advises on the construction,
maintenance and repair of railway systems, including tracks, terminals and
An airport engineer specialises in preparing designs for airports, hangars and
A geotechnical/soil engineer inspects proposed construction sites to determine
soil and foundation conditions by conducting drilling and sampling programmes.
Duties may include preparing specifications of soil mixtures for use in roads,
embankments and other construction projects.
Local Government Engineer
A local government engineer administers and supervises the design,
construction and maintenance of projects within a local government area, such
as roads, drainage systems, pedestrian and cyclist facilities, bridges,
buildings, recreation areas, parks, waste disposal systems and water treatment